Frequently Asked Questions

  • What are different sources of stem cells?
  • How are stem cells being used today to treat systemic disorders?
  • What type of cells does Mesenchymal Stem Cells convert into?
  • USP of Dental Pulp Stem Cells?
  • What is the ideal age for dental pulp stem cell preservation?
  • How many teeth are collected?
  • My child has lost a tooth just a while back. We have stored it in the fridge, can you come and take it for preservation?
  • If I’m healthy without any degenerative diseases, why should I preserve the stem cells?
  • I preserved my child’s cord stem cells. Do I still need to preserve his/her dental pulp stem cells?
  • Which are the best teeth for preservation purposes?
  • Can my stem cells be given to someone else without my authorization?

Following are various sources of stem cells: Adult Stem Cells: These undifferentiated cells are found throughout the body after total development. They multiply by cell division to replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues. Despite the name, they are present in children as well as in adults. These stem cells are found in most adult tissues like:

  1. Teeth
  2. Umbilical cord blood
  3. Bone marrow
  4. Menstrual blood
  5. Skin
  6. Placental tissue
Embryonic Stem Cells: Human embryonic stem cells are a part of embryos that are 5–6 days old. They have the ability to form all the different types of cell in the body, including germ cells. Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells: These are regular adult cells that are not stem cells but are genetically reprogrammed to act like an embryonic stem cell.

The most common stem cell therapy is bone marrow transplant. Stem cells have been used for decades to treat patients who are suffering from blood related disorders like leukaemia, anaemia, etc. or immune deficiency.
Clinical research has shown that stem cells have a high potential (currently under experimental research) to manage many life threatening diseases and critical ailments in future through stem cell therapy For example, the use of stem cells to repair damaged heart muscle, to generate cells that produce insulin to treat diabetes and to repair damaged spinal nerves, etc.

Mesenchymal stem cells from the dental pulp carry the potential (currently under experimental research) to differentiate into a variety of other cell types including:

  1. Myocardiocytes: Repair damaged cardiac tissue following a heart attack
  2. Neuronal cells: Regenerate nerve and brain tissue
  3. Myocytes: Repair muscle
  4. Osteocytes: Regenerate bone
  5. Chondrocytes: Regenerate cartilage
  6. Adipocytes: Regenerate fat
  7. Pancreatic cells: For treatment of diabetes
  8. Bone and tissue from the oral cavity

: Dental pulp stem cells score high in terms of therapeutic advantages and differ from other stem cells in many ways like:

  1. Dental pulp stem cells can convert into nerve cells, muscle cells, insulin producing cells, etc. thanks to their multipotency
  2. Dental pulp stem cells have demonstrated compatibility with biomaterials, making them ideal for tissue reconstruction
  3. Dental pulp stem cells are capable of multiplying and they can be expanded under controlled conditions
  4. Dental pulp stem cells are numerous and non-invasive to collect. Unlike collecting bone marrow stem cells which require invasive surgery and cord blood stem cells which are available only at birth; dental pulp stem cells can be collected from baby and wisdom teeth which would otherwise be discarded
  5. Dental pulp stem cells are non-controversial adult stem cells, unlike embryonic stem cells, the source of which involves ethical issues

The sooner the better, because the quantity and quality of stem cells starts to decrease with age. However, for children it would be ideal if they are between 5–12 years of age. Adults who are under 30 years of age can bank their permanent teeth if they are being extracted for orthodontic purposes.

Depending upon the age and the root lengths of the teeth that are ready to fall (determined from dental OPG) our panel of specialists decide the number of teeth that are eligible for teeth collection.

No. Such a tooth is not useful for preservation purposes. The tooth has to be removed following our standard protocol and taken immediately to the laboratory in controlled temperature conditions for processing before storage within 48-72 hours of removal.

Stem cell banking might seem irrelevant because you are not suffering from diseases like myocardial infarction, Parkinsons disease, diabetes, etc. But any person may suffer from these conditions in the future. In such instance, stem cells could be important due to their unique property of being forever “young” and being able to convert into required cells/tissues.

Cord blood stem cells are hematopoietic in nature and dental pulp stem cells are mesenchymal in nature. Both complement each other to provide an overall comprehensive defense against life threatening diseases.

Mothercell is a private stem cell bank where people preserve their stem cells for their own use. Without your written authorization your stem cells will not be retrieved from cryopreservation tanks.